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What is a Uniform Gifts to Minors Act (UGMA) or Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (UTMA) Account?

A Uniform Gifts to Minors Act (UGMA) or Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (UTMA) account is an account into which property is set aside for a minor’s benefit. Whether a UGMA or UTMA account is used depends on the law of the state in which the account is established. Typically, transfers made to a UGMA or UTMA account are irrevocable and belong to the child in whose name the account is registered; however, the account is controlled by the custodian until the child reaches a certain age, which varies by state (usually 18 or 21). The rules governing these accounts vary by state.

Last Reviewed: October 2020

Please note: The terms "bank" and "banks" used in these answers generally refer to national banks, federal savings associations, and federal branches or agencies of foreign banking organizations that are regulated by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). Find out if the OCC regulates your bank. Information provided on HelpWithMyBank.gov should not be construed as legal advice or a legal opinion of the OCC.

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